A TIE. The English word "tie" comes from the German "Halstuch" and literally means neckerchief. In different Nations this handkerchief could have different names, for example, the French "cravate", the British – "tie", the Dutch "halsdoek", but at all times and in all countries the appearance and form of this handkerchief always strictly depended today depend on the directions of fashion, taste and social status of its owner.
It is considered that the tie came into use in Europe in the seventeenth century during the Thirty years war (1618-1648): it was a part of a military uniform and presented a shawl or a scarf, which protected the soldiers from the wind and cold, served as a headband, her dress wounds and used as improvised fastening means. However, the oldest evidence of the existence of the tie steel clay statues of the army of the Emperor Qin Shi Huang found in China and belonging to 220 BC. On the neck of more than 8000 terracotta warriors has been carefully fashioned neckerchief.
In everyday Russian life tie appeared in the early eighteenth century under Peter I. a New fashion has dictated not only the external form of the tie, but special rules of its carrying. Gradually, as the simplification of man's suit, tie transforms from a scarf into a ribbon, becomes a mandatory accessory business etiquette, and method of tying a necktie gives it its own name: "gorgonia", "Byron-like", "talovsky" "Walter Scott", "salon", "regattas". "butterfly", "steinkirk", "solitaire", "tragic", "Ascot".
The usual us the kind of tie he had purchased in the XX century, thanks to the Englishman Jesse Langsdorf who patented his "perfect tie".
The shape of the tie so clearly point to the time and cultural context of an era that play a critical role in the analysis and attribution of fine art works.